Saturday, September 13, 2014

"The Power of the Zero-Point Field"

The Physics of Heaven
A Serial Book Review & Theological Interaction
Read Part 1

By Pastor Larry DeBruyn

Part 2: Review of CHAPTER ONE authored by Judy Franklin:
The Power of the Zero-Point Field

“At present, nobody knows how to exploit the zero-point energy in a macroscopic device that delivers sizable amounts of energy. There is, however, a considerable fringe element (similar to those attracted to UFOs, astrology, numerology and so on) of people who speculate and fantasize about the possibility of exploiting the zero-point energy to achieve various technical marvels and the long-sought ‘perpetual motion.’ Consider yourself warned.”
Atomic Physicist Steven K. Lamoreaux, quoted by John Obienin, Materials Science Researcher at the University of Nebraska at Omaha[2]

The Manifest Sons of God
The Apostle Paul told believers that “the anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for the revealing of the sons of God” (Emphasis added, Romans 8:19, NASB). About this verse and others in the passage, the author of Chapter 1, Judy Franklin, testifies that something “latches onto your spirit and you just have to understand what they [the verses] mean.”(TPOH, 1)  So she asks, “Hadn’t the children of God already been revealed by the time Paul wrote this letter to the Romans?”(TPOH, 2) Well... her answer is a qualified “yes” and “no.”

Because Paul wrote Romans years after Jesus’ life and death, and according to Acts “miracles and healings and deliverances and even resurrections from the dead were almost common-place,”(TPOH, 2), the author reasons that in part, the wait was over. With “signs and wonders” as their calling card, sons of God were manifested during the apostolic era and intermittently throughout church history. But Judy felt there was a deeper meaning in the verses (Romans 8:18-22). So she “began earnestly seeking the Lord as to what they meant.”(TPOH, 2) In three stages, God explained to her the future and deeper meaning of “the revealing of the sons of God.”

Stage 1—God spoke: “The Sound” is coming
God told her that from the first Pentecost He had continued to distribute power to the church to do greater works than Jesus did (See John 14:12.). But He explained to Franklin that “no child of God [even the old Apostles] has ever fully realized the power that has been put within us.”(TPOH, 2) She clarified that, “God has given us the power to raise the dead and heal the sick and cast out demons and we’ve done that to a point, but... but no Christian in history has exceeded Jesus’ works.”(TPOH, 2) So given this deficiency among Christians from the first Pentecost to the present, God explained more....

The Sound and the Sons
He promised He was going to release a “new sound” from heaven, vibrations that will shake the church and change the way Christians think and live.(TPOH, 2) The Lord told her that His release of a new “sound” from heaven will transform Christians and enable them to fulfill the mandate He gives them to rule over God’s creation (See Genesis 1:28.). By His release of the “sound,” God would introduce earth to the “the physics of heaven.”(TPOH, 2, 6-9)
NAR's Chuck Pierce's sound "prophecy"

The Sons and their Signs
When “the sound” comes, the manifest sons of God will rescue the groaning creation from tsunamis, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, wildfires, earthquakes and other natural disasters by ordering them to cease. “Jesus calmed storms,” she states. “We should be able to do that too.”(TPOH, 8) Provided they keep their hearts are in “an upper room posture,” reception of the “sound” will empower Christians to work signs—to heal the sick, exorcise demons and raise the dead.(TPOH, 8) By the God-activated energy they control in and around them, upper-room believers will cure children of cancer to live the long life God intends for them (See Psalm 90:10; Genesis 6:3.) Sick people who even pass near the shadows of the emanating vibrations of these new Pentecostals will be cured of “every disease or infirmity” (See Acts 5:15; 19:12.).(TPOH, 10) The new Pentecostals will carry within and around them therapeutic healing energy believed to reside in dolphins.(TPOH, 10) The benevolent sound, light and frequencies within their beings, these “vibrations from God,” will cure a creation that currently “groans and suffers the pains of childbirth until now” (Romans 8:22). The “sound” will be in “the sons,” and fully at their disposal. Welcome to the “new heavens and new earth” (2 Peter 3:13).

But where would this power come from and how would it work? To find out, she began to explore the principles of quantum physics, what she calls “kingdom insights about sound.”(TPOH, 3)

Stage 2—she studied: Quantum Physics
She relates that the whole idea of the word “sound”—the revelatory “hint” God once gave her during a quiet time and a word whose meaning she amplifies by describing it as the light, energy, vibrations and frequencies inherent in the science of quantum physics—reverberated in her mind and caused her to research everything she could about the subject of “sound.” In her study, she came across an Internet article by a German astrophysicist Bernhard (whose first name she spells “Bernard”) Haisch, Brilliant Disguise: Light, Matter and the Zero-Point Field.[3]

The article begins by noting the contradiction between the findings of science and the Genesis account of creation; that God created “light” three days before made the stars, sun and moon (Day 1, “light,” Genesis 1:3-5; Day 4, “lights,” Genesis 1:14-19). Haisch proceeds to reconcile what he calls the poetry of Genesis’ opening verses with the physics of quantum science. He explains how an invisible and omnipresent zero-point energy (ZPE) permeates the universe. Though unseen, the phenomenon of visible light is predicated upon ZPE’s existence (the human eye can only see light-waves which exist above zero-point energy). So from the perspective of the quantum physical observer, “light” exists before “lights.” This understanding of a duality of invisible and visible light reconciles the seeming contradiction between science and the order of creation in Genesis. God first created the invisible ZPE field. Then He worked on creating the other visible “lights” (the sun, moon and stars) from ZPE. Admittedly, this knowing about origins is fascinating. But for Franklin, it did not stop there. Her fascination with ZPE stimulated her consciousness to see something.

Stage 3—she saw: A Vision of Creation
Overwhelmed by the knowledge in the opening paragraph of Haisch’s article, ecstasy overwhelmed her soul and transported her back to the beginning of time. As she describes it, she

[L]ooked up and saw God the Father at the beginning of time and . . . our universe with nothing in it. It was completely empty, formless and void. Then the Father said, ‘Let there be light’ and out of His being came wave after wave of what appeared to be light. The light waves were curved, not straight.(TPOH, 4)

She adds that, “as I watched the light [ironically, she saw the un-seeable zero-point energy field] I instantly thought, ‘Just like an artist prepares his canvas before he paints on it, God prepared our universe so he could create us, and the space in that universe needed light.”(TPOH, 4)

Franklin evidently, or not so evidently, saw a vision of the type which God denied to Job. Scripture tells us that unlike speaking in quiet “hints,” the Lord challenged Job from out of “the whirlwind [like a hurricane].” He asked him:

Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding. Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? Job 38:4-7, KJV

About being transported back in time (a very long time ago... to see the moment when God said, “Let there be light” and to see the “curved” waves of light (meaning the rays were colliding with matter) emanating from the Father, it must be asked, “Where were the Son and the Spirit?” Scripture tells us creation is originally sourced in all three members of the Trinity—the Father (Genesis 1:1; Romans 1:20), His Son (John 1:2-5; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:2), and the Holy Spirit (Genesis 1:2). In her vision, why did she not also see the Son and the Spirit? Hebrews tells us that, “By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible” (Hebrews 11:3, NASB). On this point it must be asked, does some claimed vision of the invisible contradict how in our inhabited reality, we are to understand creation; and that is by faith, “the conviction of things not seen” (Hebrews 11:1)? Any vision of creation contradicts the means by which we are to understand it; and that is by faith!

But NAR’ers [New Apostolic Reformation followers, ed.] get to look beyond the restrictions imposed by faith (e.g., the evidence of things not seen). These seers peer beyond the boundaries imposed by time, matter and space into realities that God had previously revealed only and exceptionally to Moses (God did reveal to him the events of original creation) and other of the biblical prophets.(TPOH, 2)
NAR "apostle" Cindy Jacobs on the "release" of a "new sound"

So what Franklin saw was a new Pentecost coming, when God will release the “sound” that will activate the “square yard” of zero-point energy in and around every believer—“enough energy to boil all the water in the world.”(TPOH, 7) (The field surrounds unbelievers too. Theirs’ just won’t be activated.) With this energy, which becomes especially potent when “two or three agree,” the new Pentecostals will work miracles greater than Jesus did, “signs and wonders” unprecedented in human history. They will become lightning rods to funnel “positive” energy on and into this planet. Really electric... awesome! By sending the sound, God will activate the zero-point energy field (ZPE) in and around believers thereby empowering them to, among other stunning—even outlandish—signs and wonders, “say to this mountain ‘be removed’ and it will be removed’.”[4] (TPOH, 7)
(Rick Joyner's "prophecy" - Source)
They will possess presence-energy like that NAR prophet Rick Joyner, who once spent a workday in heaven (8 hours) and regularly converses face-to-face with Enoch (the great-great grandfather of Noah who, “God took him,” lived six generations after Adam, Genesis 5:21-24) and the prophet Elijah (1 Kings 17:1-2 Kings 2:14), claims. Recently Joyner reportedly informed his TV audience that on a recent heavenly visit he

learned that there is no Ebola virus in Heaven and that Christians are capable of taking authority over the disease here on earth. In fact, there are certain people who are given “total authority over Ebola,” allowing them to cure people infected with the disease simply by being in their presence. “Somebody with Ebola, they come into the room, the Ebola is gone,” Joyner said. “That person is healed. It cannot live, cannot exist in their presence.”[5]

Then Joyner says that one day [At the second Pentecost?] every Christian will have this power. He even saw “a vision of children clearing entire regions of radiation simply through prayer.”[6] But just what is ZPE, and is it possible that humans can harness it?
What is Zero-point Energy?
In the science of quantum physics and like the God particle or Higgs boson, the zero-point energy (ZPE) field attempts to explain why the universe continues to cohere and does not disintegrate. In their separate ways, both theories seek to address the mystery of the universe at the quantum level of reality; is light comprised of energy (waves) or matter (particles)?[7] As to the energy side of things, quantum physicists marvel that light or energy exists throughout the universe, even in vacuums. They observe that light ever oscillates at its zero-point (when it can’t be seen). The oscillation or movement is everywhere and constant. That’s why they call it a field. The existence of the field may viewed as the perpetual motion machine within nature (thus contradicting the laws of thermodynamics and entropy; that energy lost because of friction is wasted and unrecoverable). Named after the Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir (1909-2000), this ever oscillating field of energy is also called the Casimir effect, or vacuum energy.

May the Force be with us!
When looking at the universe as a clock, ZPE theory represents physics’ attempt to answer the question, “Who or what wound it up?” Science’s answer is, “Nobody,” because the wave-energy is observed to be ever (and ever is part of forever) oscillating.  Obviously, this eternal “Energy” explains the universe’s existence. ZPE theory doesn’t need God because in and by itself “Energy” is the sustainer of everything. Such knowing about this present reality—that this power as Franklin states, is “within us and around us”—compliments a panentheistic view (divinity permeates everything) or pantheistic (divinity is everything) of God. New Age and mystical religion is based upon this non-personal understanding of God. Furthermore, if ZPE is universal, then the invisible light equally and indiscriminately resides in and around every human being, not just the “two or three” that Franklin envisions.(TPOH, 8) “Surround sound” is equally exoteric and esoteric to all people. As such, any distinction between Christian and non-Christian is lost (Contra Romans 8:9.). But humanly speaking, can ZPE be harnessed or controlled?

Harnessing ZPE
Scientists are skeptical that zero-point energy can be packaged to benefit humanity (i.e., on a cold winter day houses can’t be heated with it). Though dreamed of, construction of a perpetual motion machine is beyond the realm of reality. Scientist Matt Visser calls those dreaming about harnessing zero-point energy “the free-lunch crowd.” After affirming the reality of the ZPE field (a.k.a., vacuum energy or the Casimir effect), Visser continued to say that though “technologically interesting,”

Notions of mining the ZPE should therefore be treated with extreme skepticism. From the way some enthusiasts talk about the zero-point energy, one might think that unlimited power is lying all around just waiting to be harnessed. Like many ideas that seem too good to be true, this one falls apart on closer examination....[8]

ZPE Bankruptcy
John Baez, a member of the mathematics faculty at the University of California at Riverside, illustrates the fallacy of thinking ZPE can be technologically harnessed as follows:

It is a bit like this: say a bank found it more convenient (for some strange reason) to start counting at 1,000, so that even when you had no money in the bank, your account read $1,000 [i.e., the deposit of ZPE residing in the universe]. You might get excited and try to spend this $1,000, but the bank would say, “Sorry, that $1,000 is just an artifact of how we do our bookkeeping: you’re actually flat broke.[9]

To me, the above illustration suggests that thinking God is going to amplify the first Pentecost by releasing a “sound” (thus activating ZPE field in and around believers, provided their hearts are in an “upper room posture) is illusory at best, but quantum quackery at worst. The illusion infers the relative spiritual deficiency and bankruptcy of the first Pentecost, thinking that impugns the both the sovereignty and omnipotence of God for as the Apostle Paul stated, the Gospel “is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes” (Emphasis added, Romans 1:16, NASB). The “sounding” of the Gospel are the words which transform a person’s life (See 1 Corinthians 15:3-4.).

Yet despite this scientific opinion, Charismatic Christians like Franklin believe that when He unleashes the “sound,” God will connect believers with the power of the ZPE field in and around them thereby activating a second Pentecost that will be more dynamic than the first (Compare Acts 2:1 ff.). With the power of the ZPE field at their control, Christians will be enabled to perform miracles unlike any ever worked on earth before.

But the Bible reminds Christians that because “the earth [waxes] old like a garment,” only the sovereign and omnipotent God can make new what is now growing old (Compare Isaiah 51:6 and 2 Peter 3:11-13.). This means that in the end, harnessing ZPE holds no promise for saving the universe. Only the Creator can save His creation.

Interestingly, physicist Stephen Hawking now predicts the coming of a quantum doomsday when the Higgs boson field (that’s the gravity or “glue” in the universe which holds particles together to form mass) will collapse and everything will disintegrate at the speed of light.[10] One physicist, Dr. Alan Duffy of Swinbourne University in Melbourne, Australia, explains (though currently the Higgs field is stable) that any potential quantum instability (the state physicists call “metastable”),

[P]uts the Higgs field in a position [that may be compared] to that of a rock rolling down a valley. “It may get lodged in a crevice high up from the valley floor. We [he and other physicists] think that the Higgs field could be at this point, and something might nudge it to fall to the true floor (lowest energy state).”[11]

If that “tipping point” happens, Duffy tells us that this universe “will change into a new universe (called a phase transition). This would look like a fireball spreading out at the speed of light, converting the old universe into a new one,” he says.[12] Upon reading this physicist’s description of the end of this universe and the beginning of the new, one can only marvel at the Apostle Peter’s prescience (knowledge of events before they happen) when he wrote,

But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements (Greek, stoicheia, the fundamental components of the universe) will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up. Since all these things are to be destroyed in this way, what sort of people ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness, looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, on account of which the heavens will be destroyed by burning, and the elements (Greek, stoicheia) will melt with intense heat! (Emphasis Mine, 2 Peter 3:10-12, NASB).

To this point of the universe’s stability, Hebrews informs earthlings that as to this system’s continuance, it’s Christ who “upholds all things by the word [Greek rhema, or “sound”] of His power” (Hebrews 1:3a), just as Paul adds that “by him [Christ] all things hold together” (Colossians 1:17b). What holds the universe together is neither a quantum particle (Higgs bosom) nor a quantum power (ZPE), but the Person of Christ! Now to return to the question asked at the chapter’s beginning....
"Physics" conference advertised by TheElijahList 5-24-14
“When” will the Sons of God be manifested?
Judy Franklin asks, “Hadn’t the children of God already been revealed by the time Paul wrote this letter to the Romans?” (See Romans 8:19.) Then she proceeds to give qualified “no” and “yes” answers to her question; “no,” explaining that from Pentecost to the present there has been a minor manifestation of the sons of God, but “yes,” predicting that a soon-to-be-released “sound” from heaven will signal the coming of another Pentecost. This second Pentecost will be more dynamic than the first as recipients of the “sound” will to the amazement of a watching world, perform signs and wonders greater than those Jesus did two-thousand years ago when He was physically present on earth. This will be the greatest manifestation (Greek, apokalupsis, Romans 8:19) of the sons of God. She, as her co-author and other of the book’s contributors, base their “sound scenario” by interpreting Scripture according to received revelations (voices they hear and visions they see). But the Apostle Paul, upon whose statement Franklin bases her question, should be allowed to answer to the question (Had not the children of God already been revealed when Paul wrote Romans?). His answer to the question is, “No, not yet.”

The Unrevealed Sons of God
The Apostle in Colossians informs believers that they “have died [in relation to primary interest in earthly things] and [their lives are] hidden with Christ in God” (Emphasis added, Colossians 3:3, NASB). “Hidden” (Greek, krupto, means to conceal or to escape notice) means that at that time genuine Christians were not known, had not been fully manifested as to their identity “in Christ.”[13] Because believers’ lives are “hidden with Christ in God,” we currently appear in the world as a people “without visible means of support.”[14] Hence, Christians can be despised, persecuted and executed by the adversaries of Christianity. But this anti-Christian prejudice will not continue indefinitely. It will end when the world finds out who we really are.

The Revealed Sons of God
Returning to the Colossians text, Paul proceeded to write in chapter three verse four that, “When Christ, who is our life, is revealed [Greek, phaneróō], then you also will be revealed [phaneróō] with Him in glory” (Colossians 3:4). See it . . . when . . . then? Christians whose lives presently are “hidden with Christ in God” will be revealed for who they really are when Christ is revealed for who He really is at the time of His Second Coming in glory. Our revelation will not be a moment sooner or a moment later than His. We will be revealed with Him. As F.F. Bruce comments, “But when Christ, the true life of all his people, is manifested in his parousia, then you who share his life now will share his glorious epiphany.”[15] Genuine believers will be transformed not when heaven releases the “sound” of a coming-second Pentecost (The New Testament says nothing about such a Pentecost.), but at Christ’s Parousia. As the Apostle John wrote, “Beloved, now we are the children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is” (1 John 3:2). That’s the chronology for the manifestation of “the sons of God.” So about our current state of “hiddenness” and the expected moment of the believers’ unveiling, the Apostle writes: “For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known” (Emphasis added, 1 Corinthians 13:12).

It should also be noted that Christ Himself “was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord” (Romans 1:4). The time of the full manifestation of the sons of God will be, as was Jesus’, when, coordinate with His Second Coming, they too shall be raised from the dead and their bodies are redeemed from “corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God” (Romans 8:23, 21). This will happen, the Apostle Paul states, when Jesus comes and translates the church (See 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17; 1 Corinthians 15:50-57.).

So the time for the revealing of the sons of God has been set. This manifestation will not happen when a second Pentecost comes, but when the Lord Jesus Christ comes. Then at the time of the Second Coming (Parousia) our corrupted/decayed bodies will be either translated or raised from the dead. Then our position as “sons of God” will be fully manifested. This NAR idea of the soon-to-be-released power from heaven does raise an issue regarding the nature of the church and her relationship to Christ.
NAR "apostle" Dutch Sheets' "prophecy" about the "sound"
“Thy Kingdom Come,” Dominion Theology and the NAR
Thinking that a worldwide revival will take place when the “sound” is released, the second Pentecost commences and “sons of God” are manifested, stems out of the NAR assumption the “church” is the present incarnation of Christ, that,

[T]he Church is Christ in the sense that Jesus is the head, and the Church is the body. The Second Coming of Christ, therefore, is through the Church, not Jesus returning in the flesh; we should not wait for Him to return in order to set the world in order, but we are to take His authority over the world and spiritual realm now.[16]

But to do that, Christians need power. That’s why the New Apostolic Reformation is about power... more power... and much power; energy to transform the world, spirit power greater than Jesus’.[17] Such thinking about “the kingdom, and the power, and the glory” (See Matthew 6:13, KJV), “reduces Jesus” says Al Dager, “to just one part of a greater whole.”[18]  So Jesus really doesn’t even need to come back “in the flesh” because He’s already present in and through the Church. The presence of the Church makes unnecessary the presence of Christ (i.e., parousia). Thus, the promise of Jesus’ personal and physical return is very nearly reduced to a non-event (Contra Acts 1:11.). After all, to bring God’s kingdom to earth, who needs the Son of God when you’ve got sons of God? That the body (the church) usurps the head (the Christ) in establishing the kingdom of God reduces Jesus’ first coming to be as unexceptional even as it makes His second unnecessary, and this despite John’s declaration that Jesus is “the only begotten of the Father” (John 1:14, KJV). The NAR prophetic scheme places Jesus far beneath the dignity Peter ascribed to the Lord when he said to Him, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Matthew 16:16).

We shall not be manifested as “the sons of God” independent from the personal and physical revelation of the Lord Jesus Christ from heaven. The “the sons of God” will not be manifested by their doing “signs and wonders,” but when there occurs “the sign of His coming and the end of the age” (Emphasis added, Matthew 24:29-30). His glory will be our glory! When He finally returns to reign, then we too shall either be translated or resurrected from the dead to reign with Him on earth in glory (Revelation 20:6; Romans 8:17). Our lives are hid with Christ now. Our lives will be glorified with Christ when He comes again.

“For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. . . . The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.”
Emphasis added, Romans 8:14, 16-17, NASB


REVIEW OF: Judy Franklin, Ellyn Davis and others, The Physics of Heaven: Exploring God’s Mysteries of Sound, Light, Energy, Vibrations and Quantum Physics (Crossville, TN: Double Portion Publishing, 2012): xiv + 188.

[1] Judy Franklin, Chapter: “The Power of the Zero-Point Field,” The Physics of Heaven: Exploring God’s Mysteries of Sound, Light, Energy, Vibrations and Quantum Physics, by Judy Franklin & Ellyn Davis (Crossville, TN: Double Portion Publishing, 2012): 1-9.
[2] John Obienin interacts with article written by Matt Visser, of Washington University in St. Louis, MO. See Matt Visser, “FOLLOW-UP: What is the ‘zero-point energy’ (or ‘vacuum energy’) in quantum physics? Is it really possible that we could harness this energy?” Scientific American, August 18, 1997 ( In his interaction, Obienin quotes Steven K. Lamoreaux whose words are sourced in Physical Review Letters, Vol. 78, No.1, January 6, 1997, pp. 5-8.
[3] Bernhard Haisch, “Brilliant Disguise: Light, Matter and the Zero-Point Field,” zpenergy: new energy revolution, December 26, 2005 ( In the science of quantum physics the zero-point energy field attempts to account for on the energy side of things—as the God or Higgs Boson particle on the matter side of things—why the universe coheres and does not disintegrate (i.e., gravity). Both theories address the issue of light—mysteriously, is it energy (a wave) or matter (a particle)? As to the energy side of things, quantum physicists observe that though out the universe, even in a vacuums, there resides an immense and ever oscillating energy field (like a perpetual motion machine). Named after the Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir (1909-2000), this infinite oscillating is also called the Casimir effect. The existence of the zero-point energy field is science’s attempt to answer the question, looking at the universe as a clock, “who wound it up?” The answer is, “Nobody,” because energy is perpetual and eternal. “May... the Force be with you!” The theory doesn’t need God so it becomes difficult to understand why NAR’ers are trying empower the sound with the field.
[4] The full text reads: “Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, ‘Why could we not cast it out?’ So Jesus said to them, ‘Because of your unbelief; for assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible for you’.” (Matthew 17:19-20, NKJV) We would note that again the words cited vary from the NKJV.
[5] Emphasis added, Kyle Mantyla, “Rick Joyner Says Some Christians Can Cure Ebola Simply Through Their Presence,” Right Wing Watch, September 12, 2014 ( Joyner reportedly said this to his TV audience on the program “Prophetic Perspective on Current Events” which aired on September 11, 2014. Also see: and
[6] Ibid.
[7] “Some refer to a wave-particle ‘duality’, but it might be better to talk of a wave-particle ‘ambiguity’. Light may be better described as neither energy nor mass, but something in-between or encompassing both. How to deal with this matter is a philosophical question as much as a scientific question.” Emphasis added, G-zilla, “Is light matter or energy?” Yahoo! Answers: Science & Mathematics, Astronomy & Space (;_ylt=AwrBT7adoQVUilEA8zBXNyoA;_ylu=X3oDMTEzODU0MGRrBHNlYwNzcgRwb3MDMQRjb2xvA2JmMQR2dGlkA1ZJUDM3Nl8x?qid=20070307202253AAuEU3P).
[8] Emphasis added, Matt Visser, “FOLLOW-UP: What is the ‘zero-point energy’ (or ‘vacuum energy’) in quantum physics? Is it really possible that we could harness this energy?” Scientific American, August 18, 1997 (
[9] Quoted in Visser article cited previously, “What is the ‘zero-point energy’ (or ‘vacuum energy’) in quantum physics?”
[10] “Stephen Hawking says Higgs boson has potential to destroy entire universe,” News.Com.Au, September 8, 2014 (
[11] Ibid. The “nudge” causing the system of our universe to collapse in a vacuum could be the building of a collider (a machine) that will create enough empty space to begin the collapse of matter within it, which collapse would then spontaneously spread throughout the universe (kind of like one atomic bomb going off and triggering more and more subsequent explosions until our whole planet is engulfed in a ball of fire and a cloud). As Hawking explains the doomsday scenario he envisions, “This could mean that the universe could undergo catastrophic vacuum decay, with a bubble of the true vacuum expanding at the speed of light. This could happen at any time and we wouldn’t see it coming.” Note his repeated use of the word “could.” Because it could happen does not mean that it will happen, at least not yet. But who really knows, other than God?
[12] Ibid. Emphasis added.
[13] Bruce comments that, “the life of believers is hidden ‘with Christ’ because they died with him and have been raised with him [see Romans 6:1-11]; it is hidden ‘in God’ because Christ himself has his being in God and therefore those who belong to him [who are “with” or “in” him, see Ephesians 2:4-10, etc.] have their being there too.” See F.F. Bruce, The Epistles to the Colossians, to Philemon, and to the Ephesians (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1984): 135.
[14] Ibid: 135-136.
[15] Ibid: 136. The verb “shall appear” (KJV, Greek, phaneróō—“is revealed,” NASB, NRSV; “appears,” NKJV) belongs to the family of Greek words (both verbs and nouns) which in the New Testament can refer to Christ’s Second Coming (parousia, James 5:7; epiphaneia, Titus 2:13; and apokalupsis, 1 Corinthians 1:7). Murray J. Harris, as do other commentator/scholars, notes that the clause, “When Christ . . .  appears” (Colossians 3:4) refers to His Second Coming. See Colossians & Philemon (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1991): 139. When combined with a verb in the subjunctive mood as in this verse, “when” (Greek, hotan) means “whenever.” Thus, the timing for the revelation of the sons of God is dependent upon the imminent (impending or any moment) return of the Lord Jesus Christ.
[16] Albert James Dager, Vengeance is Ours: The Church in Dominion (Redmond, WA: Sword Publishers, 1990): 148.
[17] Franklin uses the word “sound” at least twelve times in chapter 1 and “power” at least eighteen, both of which relate to the energy, vibrations and light which when soon activated, will be more greatly revealed to the world through and by the “manifest sons of God.”
[18] Dager, Vengeance, 148.

See the recent Herescope 6-part series on the NAR and IHOP teachings about a Second Pentecost:  “The Passion of the Presence & the Purpose of the Passion,”
Read Part 1
Read Part 2
Read Part 3
Read Part 4
Read Part 5
Read Part 6  

Thursday, September 11, 2014

“Stage Managed” Ecumenism

A Commentary by Dr. Orrel Steinkamp
Unbelievable and largely unseen ecumenical coalitions and ad hoc alliances are forming. These alliances are being forged by a small cadre of seeker-driven  megachurch celebrity pastors/authors. These vision-casting celebrities are in effect acting as power brokers in forming ecumenical coalitions. As with all coalitions these players are attempting to gain something for themselves and their “ministries” and the expanding of their personal reputations. They are willing to exchange their platforms and pulpits with other celebrities of like class and clout. These platform exchanges often cross boundaries into false and even heretical territory. Consequently, these celebrities become an endorsement of false teaching to the masses of low information evangelicals who are fans of these various Christian celebrities. 

The opportunity for these maneuvers is that classical evangelicalism as a theologically descriptive word is becoming near meaningless. Gregory Thornbury, now president of Kings College states: “the evangelicalism I signed up for is gone forever.... In fact many leading theologians today see evangelicalism as a relic of a bygone era.” (Thornbury, Recovering Classic Evangelicalism, Crossway, 2013, pp. 223)  

The vacuum created by the disappearance of classical evangelicalism, unfortunately has been filled by TV ministries, bookstores, stadiums rallies, mega churches and extended mega church campuses and their media promotions.

These new media leaders have launched their own media outlets replete with fully equipped transportable entourages. If you can't attend the events you can get it all on GodTV, TBN or a DVD for a price. These efforts are the  beginnings of a back door ecumenism, an unpublicized ecumenical convergence. A sort of reverse ecumenical big bang is upon us. There is an unseen and undocumented ecumenical contraction in Christendom. This phenomena is unreported and even mostly an unspoken practical ecumenism. It's as if there is a gravitational pull that draws even the most unlikely supporters together. There is a handy deniable component built into this in that it is promoted by sharing a stage or platform.  These coalition partners promote each other by inviting other celebrities to their platform of their mega church or stadium conferences. Some rush in to say that such so-called “platform ecumenism” is guilt by association. It is that, but more, so their presence together on a platform shouts for all to hear a  guilt by endorsement. It is like forming a shadow government. This ground level ecumenism is not the product of denominational leaders. In fact denomination leaders in this postmodern era have been  essentially relegated to the sidelines. The sheeple (the sheep as people) blindly follow their celebrities. They pay little or no attention to their unknown denominational leaders. Beyond that many denominational leaders join right in. The  sheeple are out there. They can be organized to follow their leaders. Indeed sheep follow other sheep.

The seeds of this home grown ecumenical gravitational pull did not however burst on the scene from nowhere. One can trace this back many decades. The seeds planted earlier are now are maturing. The media megastars are now stage managing not only huge stadium filled extravaganzas, but in the process they are engineering a major ecumenical event without even using the term.

The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association was among the earliest efforts that pointed in this direction when it made a major ecumenical ground breaking decision to include Roman Catholic prelates on their  crusade platforms and assigned Catholic responders to the Roman Catholic churches for follow up. Sorry, but it was in effect giving away a baby to a stranger.

The Charismatic Renewal
The Charismatic Renewal of which I was a part had the unintended experiential effect of promoting  ecumenism. The best way I can describe this is the spectacle of Father Pearson pleading with the Virgin Mary to help a seeker be released in tongues. This did more to endorse Romanism that any words could convey. What a sight when Catholic nuns in full habits spoke at Full Gospel Businessmen meetings speaking in some unknown tongue. The believers that pray “in a spirit” together also stay together. This is ecumenism beyond any denominational sanction or effort. One could write page after page of the how we have gotten to where we are today. But now we have to consider some the very recent events that point to more ecumenical chickens coming home to roost.

Contemplative Prayer
“Spiritual Formation" has been taking evangelicals by storm for some years now. Richard Foster and his seminal book Celebration of Discipline has been an attempt to fashion a  Catholic Contemplative  prayer experience for Protestants. The often used term Spiritual Formation is simply a code word for Contemplative Prayer, and Contemplative Prayer is a revived form of early Catholic meditation going back to the early third and fourth centuries of Catholic Monastics called the Desert Fathers, who borrowed a form of meditation from interaction with Eastern mystics in Egypt. The source of Contemplative Prayer is Catholicism. But ironically there are probably more evangelicals pursuing this prayer method than Catholics. 

In recent times Catholic monks, Thomas Merton and Henri Nouwen devoted their entire lives to this prayer method and now many evangelicals are devoting themselves to Thomas Merton and Henri Nouwen. Contemplative Prayer is essentially a meditative discipline with a desire to attain an altered state of consciousness by entering the “silence.” In this silence, and out of this silence, one supposedly attains oneness with God. But entering the silence is not easy and so an innovative Catholic monk, Thomas Keating, employed a centering prayer technique of repeating a chosen word (mantra). What formerly took monks months and years can now be attained in 20 minutes of centering prayer and repeating over and over a mantra. In the silence one supposedly finds God living deep in their unconscious being. 

The rub is this - this internal god is also supposedly deeply buried in the unconscious of every other human alive today on the planet and even actually inhabits all created things. So this form of panentheistic meditative ecumenism eventually connects the contemplative  not only to Catholicism but all of creation. Catholic monks Merton, Nouwen and Keating are like the trinity of Contemplative Prayer. This practice of Contemplative Prayer blurs the line between Catholics and and Protestants. 

Peter Scazzero, senior pastor of New Life church Queens NYC, an evangelical and graduate of Gordon-Conwell Seminary, among others introduces this long neglected spirituality to evangelicals. But Scazzero doesn't mention Catholicism but he quotes favorably and often from the Contemplative trinity noted above in his books. He attends a Trappist monastery in Massachusetts each year. He has made available a skinned down version of a Benedictine Daily Office for evangelical devotional use. Via DVD, Scazzero was introduced to our local AOG church. No one knew what it was all about but it did seem a little strange to a few. Scazzero's pitch is that American Christians need to slow down from the daily grind and the best method is essentially contemplative meditation techniques. Scazzero has held conferences for AOG pastors, CMA pastors and Focus on the Family, etc. If people would note his dependence on Merton, Nouwen and Keating they would know the source of this new prayer technique. For our purposes Contemplative Prayer has proved to be a very effective ecumenical tool. It tends to legitimize Romanism. For further information the net is full of good explanations of Contemplative Technique prayer.  I have an article that can be accessed on the net at my “Plumbline Newsletter Archive” called “Scazzero Scares Me.”

Gary Gilley states: “On the contrary, Merton demonstrates that there is much to fear when we try to mix truth with error. Merton saw that Buddhism, a religion with little interest in theology or truth offered the same mystical experiences that contemplative Christianity did. They both used similar methods.... In the end Father Merton came to the idea that because doctrine did not matter and only experience did... Buddhism and his understanding of Christianity was offering the same thing.” This is just the problem. Christian Contemplative techniques are not even hinted at in the teaching of scripture.  Searching for something more from ancient and modern “holy men” can only eventually end badly.

The Elephant Room initiative
The Elephant Room was the brain-child Rev James McDonald the megapastor of Harvest Bible Chapel in Chicago. McDonald's brain child was to bring together celebrity pastors and have a television media event in which the celebrities spared with each other asking hard hitting questions. Someone described it as prize fight. Television provided everyone with a ring side seat. No (holds) questions barred. These episodes were full of hipster coolness. In Elephant Room One megapastor Perry Noble was challenged for his featuring the demonic band AC/DC's “Highway to Hell” on Easter Sunday. But in the end the celebrities decided that Noble's pragmatic prank was just a matter of personal choice. It appears that the elephant in the room was a disregard for the fear of the Lord.

McDonald surprised everyone in Elephant Room Two with his cheek to invite TD Jakes. Jakes was well known for his Word/Faith teaching and someone who denied the Trinity. Jakes has a well-earned  reputation as a “Jesus only” modalist. In modalist teaching the Trinity is denied by teaching that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are just different “manifestations of God; at various times the one God appears as a different mode or manifestation. The Father is manifested as the Creator, The Son is a manifestation of God as the Saviour and the Holy Spirit is the manifestation for the church age.... Pentecostal Jesus Only followers are thus named “Oneness Pentecostals” because “Jesus only” is God. McDonald and Driscoll, however, merely tossed Jakes slow toss softballs and Jakes was allowed to say he believed in the Trinity but preferred to explain it with the term manifestations rather than persons. Mark Driscoll and McDonald could have simply asked Jakes one simple question: “Do you think the Son existed before the Son came to earth at Bethlehem?” But for whatever reason that never happened.

I have no idea what McDonald and the other celebrities had in mind when they staged the Elephant Rooms. But there is no doubt the result let Perry Noble and TD Jakes off the hook. In fact Elephant Room 2 was hardly over before the celebrity pastors were rushing to invite Jakes and other Word/Faith personalities to their megachurch  platforms. Jakes was invited to McDonald's platform, Pastor Steven Furtick, another participant of Elephant 2, also publicly called Jakes his favorite pastor. Christine Caine from Hillsong in Sydney, Australia, also a Word/Faith megachurch down under, and other famous Word/Faith personalities were suddenly invited to a wide range of megachurch platforms including Osteen's Lakeland in Houston. The result was to mainstream Word/Faith heretics world wide. I will explain why I feel Word/Faith teaching is heretical.

Mainstreaming Word/Faith Heretics
Word/Faith teaching was brought to us by Kenneth Hagin. Hagin based his views on the writings of E.W. Kenyon and the plagiarizing of Kenyon's writings. Before Hagin began to promote Kenyon's views he was an AOG minister. Hagin's teachings then became known as Word/Faith. Until recent times Word/Faith has generally existed on the periphery of pan-evangelicalism on a parallel track. But now rather than a close parallel movement it has essentially gained full acceptance. This is alarming because Word/Faith teaching remains throroughly heretical. Based on Kenyon's works Hagin taught, among other things, that when Adam was created he was a fully divine person and an exact replica of God. In the fall Adam lost his divinity and the human race lost the potential of divinity. Word/Faith teaching asserts that when Jesus died on the cross He died physically but more important Jesus died spiritually on the cross and lost his divinity. Jesus then descended into hell and was tormented by satanic beings for three days. Then the Father intervened and restored Jesus lost divinity and Jesus became the first born-again man. Now anyone who is born-again is rewarded with restored divinity on a par with Jesus and even God (that is God with a small g). This is why Kenneth Copeland and others aggressively claim divinity. This is also why Word/Faith believers claim they can create new realities, because they are now born-again replicas of the Father even as Adam was before the fall. This heretical teaching is wide spread among the  Word/Faith faithful, TBN, etc. This teaching is emphasized by some Word/Faith teachers more than others, like Joyce Meyer. But any web search can find this teaching in almost all of them.

The reason I call Word/Faith heresy is because it is changing and editing the work of Jesus completed on the cross. Gary Gilley states: “Faith teachers like to teach that Christians are little gods.” Gary Gilley summarizes Word/Faith aberrant views about Jesus and His death:
  1. Christ was recreated on the cross from divine to demonic. Jesus took upon himself the very nature of Satan.
  2. Your redemption was not secured on the cross but in hell.
  3. Jesus was born-again in hell.
  4. Christ was reincarnated through his rebirth in hell and those who like Christ are born-again can be reincarnated as well” (See Gary Gilley,
Consequently this is infinitely much more serious than say holding a different view regarding the  time of Jesus return, etc. Once again a simple question will do the job. “Did Jesus complete His atonement on the cross or later in Hell?”

Kenneth Copeland and James Robison and Pope Francis
Tony Palmer is a  former director of Kenneth Copeland Ministries in South Africa. Later Palmer became a bishop in an Anglican Charismatic group of churches. As an Anglican charismatic Bishop Palmer became a close friend of Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio, the future pope Francis, while working with Catholic Charismatics in Argentina. Earlier this year the pontiff invited Palmer to the papal residence and recorded on his I Phone a message to Kenneth Copeland's annual pastors meeting at Copeland's Eagle Mountain megachurch near Forth Worth. On this recorded message pope Francis pleaded in tears for a unity of brothers in Christ with the charismatic pastors. Copeland responded by  praying in tongues (uninterpreted) to the group and then asked Palmer to record a response (this apparently was all set up) to the pontiff. Palmer then announced to these Word/Faith pastors that “the protest (code for Protestant Reformation) is over, is it over for you? The over 1000 Word/Faith pastors at the meeting can be seen standing and cheering.

A few days later James Robison also televised this same I Phone message on his daily TV program “Life Today.” Shortly after this Palmer arranged for a papalvisit for Copeland, Robison and others. Copeland later reported of the meeting: “I am blessed! What Jesus asked the Father for in John 17:21 'that we all be one in Him' is finally coming to pass.” JoelOsteen, Word/Faith, prosperity pastor, who recently was also granted a Papal visit, has also entered the Post-Elephant Room ecumenical fall-out of mainstreaming all things Word/Faith. As an aside, Co-Pastor Victoria Osteen recently gave voice to  a Freudian prosperity slip telling their Houston Lakewood mega-church  faithful: “when you worship Him [God] you are not doing it for God really. You are doing it for yourself.” (World Net Daily, 8-31-14).

There are two major forces within worldwide visible Christianity today: The Roman Catholic church (1.2 billion members) and the sign-gift Word/Faith prosperity larger Charismatic community (584, million, members). The Pontiff is a friend of Charismatics and at the same time a member of the Jesuit order. These two groups comprise the majority of all visible Christians” (“Copeland Rolls the Dice with Rome,” Rev. Bob Litchow). Word/Faith teaching is fast becoming the largest Protestant presence in Africa.

Postscript: Not many days after the papal visit Bishop Palmer was killed in a motorcycle accident in England. May God grant his family special grace.

Franklin Graham's Three Rivers Festival Hope
Lighthouse Trails has learned that at the August 15-17 gathering in Pittsburg PA, Franklin Graham, who led the organized event, brought Catholic Bishop David Zubik to give the opening prayer on stage (my emphasis) During the Bishop's prayer he acknowledged  that Catholics and Protestants are all the same church.” (Lighthouse Trails, 8/27/14). In a later news release Zubik stated: We felt as long as there was a Catholic component to this crusade those who “respond to Rev. Graham's invitation to make a decision to Christ who identify as Catholic will be given the opportunity to go to Epiphany Church adjacent to the Console Energy Center for the sacrament of reconciliation.” (8/10/14)

These assorted media episodes are very visible and silently without words they shout out: “I am essentially suggesting that this ministry is accepted.” This is simply guilt by endorsement. Though some may retort that they only have different styles and message emphasis and we are simply different battalions in the one army of The Lord.   

All of these events noted above appear to have little specific planning at least as far as we know. Indeed, the megachurches are all about becoming bigger and more visible in the culture. Perhaps some of it is simply keeping up with the Jones and striving for market share. But in any case the sheeple are just going along for the ride wherever the celebrity pastors and authors will take them. The apostle Paul referred to professing Christians in Galatia who were calling for Gentiles to be circumcised as “false brothers” (Gal. 2:4).

These “false brothers” believed in the death and resurrection of Jesus. But still Paul called them anathema (accursed). They only wanted to add circumcision to the salvation message. Seems small compared to praying to Mary, and re-offering Christ as a sin offering each time in the Catholic Mass. Conversely, however, the Catholic Church in their Post-Reformation Council of Trent, still today calls anyone who holds to “faith alone” as anathema. False teachers have always folded ecumenical leaven into the whole loaf. But a little leaven leavens the whole loaf. What is happening today in platform ecumenism is the leavening of false teaching into an ecumenical loaf.

As the cardinals were in holy conclave in Rome, Rick Warren called for prayer for God's choice of a Pope. After Pope Francis was chosen, self appointed celebrity NAR Prophet Kim Clement gave his oracle: “This man has been appointed to join the hearts of the Protestant faith – Catholic - those who are Spirit-filled.”

This invisible gravitational pull toward ground level ecumenism surely will continue and at an increasing pace. It will not come by denominational negotiations, but will just move  unofficially. It will happen for the most part by the actions of postmodern evangelical media personalities. It will happen for example as it did with Francis Chan, a Neo-Calvinist media star who was invited to IHOP for a major conference. This becomes a public legitimation for all the people that Chan represents and vice versa.

Originally published by Plumbline Ministries HERE. Dr. Steinkamp has written many editorials and articles for Herescope over the years. For additional research on the topics discussed in this commentary, put names and terms into the SEARCH box at, which has published in-depth articles about the disturbing rise of co-mingling of Word/Faith teachers with mainline evangelicals in recent years. Many of these topics have also been written about on Herescope previously.

Tuesday, September 02, 2014


The Culture Which Gave Rise to Mark Driscoll
Part 1: What "blessed subtraction" and "anonymous" mean

Peter Drucker, "Management's New Paradigm"[1]

"Here's what I've learned. You cast vision for your mission, and if people don't sign up, you move on. You move on. There are people that are gonna die in the wilderness, and there are people that are gonna take the hill. That's just how it is. Too many guys waste too much time trying to move stiff necked, stubborn, obstinate people. I am all about blessed subtraction. There is a pile of dead bodies behind the Mars Hill bus (chuckle), and by God's grace, it'll be a mountain by the time we're done.... You either get on the bus, or you get run over by the bus. Those are the options. But the bus ain't gonna stop."
-Mark Driscoll, (Source)[2]

Compare Peter Drucker's remarks to Mark Driscoll's. Does "organized abandonment" equal "blessed subtraction"? This is the question we will be addressing in this post.

Peter Drucker, the management guru, made his statements in an essay in an October 5, 1998 issue of Forbes magazine, which was re-published by Leadership Network in December 1998 in its glossy newsletter NEXT. NEXT was a training tool for the young emerging leaders as well as the megachurch pastors.

Peter Drucker, "Management's New Paradigm," NEXT
The current context is the recent unfolding revelations about Mark Driscoll and his controversial activities. In addition to Driscoll, the past year has brought to light disturbing revelations about the misbehavior of other men of influence including as Doug Phillips, Bill Gothard and C.J. Mahaney. Suddenly there is an unprecedented openness, a sincere searching, and a willingness to examine controversial issues. Many are trying to make sense out of what has happened.

Collateral Damage
Before proceeding, a word about why this post is being written, and what gives us the right to comment on the unfolding Driscoll crisis.

First, it should be pointed out that the Driscoll situation is more far-reaching than just the Acts 29 or Mars Hill Church networks. Driscoll's vast influence has impacted evangelicals all over the globe, and his subsequent misbehaviors that have come to public knowledge this past year are also far-reaching. In other words, there is considerable collateral damage and all of us are feeling its effects. 

Second, we write from our own experiences. During the past three decades we have had similar experiences of being treated "anonymously," shunning and "blessed subtraction." These painful events drove us to research. We wanted to know what happened to us, and wondered why the same hurtful things were happening to our friends. We began to write about our research findings, beginning with a 2003 monograph "The Pied Pipers of Purpose," which was specifically about Peter Drucker's ideology and influence upon the prestigious organization Leadership Network.
NEXT, Jan-Mar 2000

When this blog was launched in 2005 we began to publish our research on the Internet. In particular, we began to write about how Leadership Network had fostered the rise of the megachurches (Rick Warren, e.g.), and facilitated the rise of the emergent/emerging, Missional and Neo-Calvinist movements.[3] We wrote a multitude of posts about Leadership Network.[4]

Since the Mark Driscoll saga has unfolded, more early history has come to light. We have come to realize that our extensive research might help shed some light on what has transpired. We believe that by placing his beliefs and his actions into the entire SYSTEM and CULTURE devised by Leadership Network, there may be a broader context in which to answer the many questions that have arisen about how this could happen. Leadership Network gave birth to Driscoll, and even now its handiwork is evident in how Driscoll's crisis is being "staged-managed" by a PR firm.[5]
Driscoll quote, NEXT,
Feb. 1999, p. 4.

Personal Background
The process of transformation itself has always been our chief research concern. We had experienced this process firsthand. We were trained in it, even experimented upon, during the 1970s when it was in its formative years. We discovered that we had been damaged by this process, although we never used the term "abuse." We had been put through intensive re-education and indoctrination methods, with rewards for compliance and penalties for failure, and it left us with scars.

The purpose of this process was to make us believe that black is white,[6] and we were being trained to use these same methods on others. We admit that we really didn't know at the time what was happening to us. It was subtle and it was seductive. But we could feel its damage to our faith - our walk with Jesus Christ, our devotion to Him alone, our desire to submit to His will for our lives. Our experiences with these change processes caused us to seek the Lord more earnestly and begin to ask questions. We admit that we often found it necessary to repent for our own complicity, our cooperation, our actions, and especially our silence.
Full context of Driscoll quote, NEXT, Feb 1999

When this experimental/experiential process came into the evangelical church world in the late 1970s, we recognized it. We knew it firsthand. We knew not only the psychological damage it could cause, but also the grave spiritual harm.[7] We knew its allure, and at every turn we found ourselves tempted all over again. We had to make hard choices - sometimes in very difficult circumstances - to go against the flow, to resist the process, to flee (literally in some cases) compromising situations where we felt the lure of entanglement. As a result of our non-compliance, we experienced ostracizing, shunning, name-calling, mocking, ridiculing, etc. These experiences, while painful, strengthened us in the Lord, and caused us time and again to run to our Bibles, to seek the Lord through prayer, looking for answers, repenting when necessary, and seeking the Lord's solace.

We knew from our own personal life experiences and research that Leadership Network had devised a complex psycho-social process and marketing methodology to transition pastors and other leaders into an alternative spiritual worldview, a worldview which was openly referred to as both Postmodern and Mystical.[8] Leadership Network intended to transform how its leaders would interact with the future, even including the governance of the planet.[9] In this sense it has consistently advocated for a structural change to transition the church into a global society. In sum, there was a two-pronged agenda: mystical utopianism and structural totalitarianism. Dialectically these two could be maneuvered in such a way as to effect Postmodern Transformation.
The "deconstruction" agenda, NEXT, Jan-Mar 2000. 

But how to get the church to "buy into" this radical change? First it required retraining pastors, specifically megachurch pastors, to be the "change agents." These men were taught to wield a sophisticated marketing model, which would would ultimately reframe the entire Gospel of salvation, and change mission(al) work into a global marketing strategy based on numbers of "converts" ("customers"). Leadership Network employed misleading methods of "deconstruction" to tear down the old paradigm (the Gospel and traditional churches) and experiment with "innovation" in the new paradigm.

The Emergent/emerging movement followed closely upon the heels of the megachurch empires. It was a savvy way to jumpstart the paradigm shift to Postmodernism by using a group of hand-selected, carefully groomed, youthful "change agents." To this day, we remain concerned that these young men, who were so carefully coached to go on the emerging/Emergent dog-and-pony-show, may not have been fully aware of the process they had been put through (just as we were not originally aware in the early 1970s). We continue to pray for these men, that they will begin to ask the same hard questions we asked, and face the harsh truth that not only were they perpetrators, but they themselves may have been victimized by the process.

Does "Anonymous" Mean "Abandon"?
"We Are Not Anonymous" demonstrators (Source)
The Seattle Times reported on August 3rd, "Mars Hill protesters call for pastor’s resignation: Demonstrators outside Mars Hill Church in Bellevue on Sunday called for church founder Mark Driscoll to resign."[10] The protest came about because Mark Driscoll was "claiming he was confused as to how to reconcile with people who were 'hurt' by his actions because they are 'anonymous.'"[11] The article reported:

Dozens of demonstrators picketed outside Mars Hill Church in Bellevue on Sunday, with some former church members calling for the resignation of the megachurch’s charismatic founder, Mark Driscoll.

The church Driscoll founded started as a Bible study class in his rented Wallingford home in 1996. Today the church says it has 6,000 members and some 13,000 attendees in 15 locations in five states, including 11 in Washington....

Part of what sparked Sunday’s protest was a video posted for church members last week in which Driscoll said he could not address some members’ discontent in what he called a “season of learning” because the complaints were anonymous.

In answer, demonstrators held banners Sunday on the sidewalk reading “WE ARE NOT ANONYMOUS.”  [emphasis added]

Leadership Network's peer-driven process, NEXT, Dec. 1999
Remarks like "anonymous" and "blessed subtraction" are indicative of the influence of Peter Drucker. Drucker advocated continual change in an organization (including churches), especially the "abandonment" of things that are not successful. While this view may have merit in a manufacturing firm with a profit motive, when it is translated into human interactions in a church-based setting it creates a situation where people are inevitably going to get hurt. In an article titled "The way ahead" published in The Economist, 11/1/01, Drucker explained his view: 
  • Change agents. To survive and succeed, every organisation will have to turn itself into a change agent. The most effective way to manage change successfully is to create it. But experience has shown that grafting innovation on to a traditional enterprise does not work. The enterprise has to become a change agent. This requires the organised abandonment of things that have been shown to be unsuccessful, and the organised and continuous improvement of every product, service and process within the enterprise (which the Japanese call kaizen). It requires the exploitation of successes, especially unexpected and unplanned-for ones, and it requires systematic innovation. The point of becoming a change agent is that it changes the mindset of the entire organisation. Instead of seeing change as a threat, its people will come to consider it as an opportunity."[12] [emphasis added]
Frances Hesselbein, another management guru, has also elaborated on the concept of the necessity of "planned abandonment."[13] Ms. Hesselbein, who was a colleague of Peter Drucker, was the chairman of Drucker's Leader to Leader Institute, which she co-founded with Bob Buford of the Leadership Network. Her ideas and materials were used by Leadership Network in training its leaders.
Hesselbein with Drucker, Drucker Foundation News, August 2001

In an article entitled "Journey to Transformation," Hesselbein suggests:

4. Challenge the gospel. There should be no sacred cows as we challenge every policy, practice, procedure, and assumption. In transforming themselves, organizations must practice "planned abandonment" -- discarding programs, policies, and practices that work today but have little relevance to the future and the organization we are building to meet that future.[14][emphasis added] 

Note the LN agenda,
"Special Edition," NEXT, Dec 1997
What is Hesselbein saying?! This means "abandon" has a broader meaning than simply getting rid of programs. She is advocating "challenge the gospel." Hence the overall goal of deconstruction of the faith becomes very evident.
"The Young Leader Universe," NEXT, May-June 1998

Drucker explained how his "abandonment" ideas were being applied in real life by megachurch pastors:

The main shortcoming is that far too many nonprofits believe that good intentions are sufficient. They lack the (sic) imposed discipline of the bottom line. The second and very common shortcoming is that they don’t abandon. I got a letter from (sic) fast-growing pastoral church, in which that pastor told me how he owed to me because he accepted my injunction to build abandonment into his work. This is a church that 20 years ago was a storefront. He now has 60 outreach churches and some 20,000 worshippers. And every year, he spends three or four days in a working on abandoning programs that do not produce results. That kind of discipline is still very rare. It’s also very rare in business.[15][emphasis added]

"Discarding" or "abandoning" church "programs" means that people are going to be affected one way or another. Each program or ministry that is abandoned may adversely impact lives. Obviously Drucker's original remarks have now been translated into a rationale for getting rid of people who are part of the old paradigm and perceived as standing in the way of transformation over to a new paradigm. These people are going to be tossed off the bus, and maybe even run over by it.

Note: Scripture tell us that Jesus Christ does not abandon His flock. Matthew 18:11-14: "doth he not leave the ninety and nine… and seeketh that which is gone astray?"

Marketing Mantras
How did Leadership Network's ideas shape the culture(s) that gave rise to Mark Driscoll and other leaders? How have Leadership Network's ideas impacted the marked reticence of esteemed evangelical leaders to refrain from speaking out and intervening before these fiascos unfolded? What sort of peer-driven culture did Leadership Network create? Is it cult-like?

The answer to these disturbing questions may lie in the marketing method that was adopted by Leadership Network: Diffusion of Innovation. There is a long and fascinating history about this method, and someday in the future we hope to write more about it. But here it is in a nutshell.

From an edition of NEXT that promoted C.Peter Wagner's NAR, Jan-Mar 1999
For more documentation, see HERE and HERE and HERE
As you look at the graph, you will see that it is a bell-shaped curve. The goal is to shift the bell curve (paradigm) to the right. To shift it, one must identify the "Innovators." These are the salesmen. In our current discussion, this would have been the core group of early emerging/Emergent leaders, of which Mark Driscoll was a key member from the mid 1990s onward.[16] Leadership Network sought "Innovators" and "Early Adapters," leadership-types who would go along with the newest, hippest thing and were willing to help market it.

By the time the "Early Majority" people are brought on board, the paradigm is well on its way to shifting. The "Late Majority" eventually come around. But at the tail end are "Laggards," those people who resist the change for various reasons. It is most likely the "Laggards" who are the ones that experience being "abandoned." If you don't hop on the postmodern bus, you are likely to be left behind at the station.

This Diffusion of Innovation marketing method has become a substitute for the Gospel of Salvation. In this model, numbers count, hence the focus on megachurches. This is a peer-driven model, which makes it far more potent. The salesmen propel the paradigm forward via the effective power of peer manipulation. And it requires "change agents" - superstars - who jumpstart the process and set the new paradigm in motion.[17] And all we like sheep follow these leaders.... But where are they leading us? Leadership Network put the Young Leaders through intensive training and indoctrination.
"The Young Leader Universe," NEXT, May-June 1998

In this Postmodern paradigm shift there are three stages, beginning with Tradition, progressing through Transition, and ultimately into Transformation. Transformation occurs when all of the barriers of resistance have been broken down, or discarded (abandoned?), and the new paradigm has totally taken over. Many evangelical churches underwent this process in the past several decades and we wrote an in-depth series of blog posts describing how it works.[18]

A key facet of the "Transition" stage is that people must "abandon" their moorings. This is most easily accomplished by "abandoning" Tradition. This means calling everything about Tradition into question, and pushing the boundaries of propriety and acceptability to the limits. So, for example, when Mark Driscoll performed his "cussing pastor" routine years ago,[19] he was pushing the envelope of Tradition, which desensitized people to the outrageous, and neutralized their consciences, thus putting them directly into the cognitive dissonance of the "Transition" stage. Reports (and statements of repentance) coming out of this experience reveal that people exposed to Driscoll's various misbehaviors underwent this process to get them to accept this bad behavior as the "new normal." Note that in order to do this they had to disregard (abandon?) Traditional authority, i.e., Bible verses (God's Word) that state that profanity is a sin, e.g. Ephesians 5:4 "Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting...." In sum, the Transition stage is evident when one observes the "abandoning" of the authority of the narrow-way Gospel doctrines found in Scripture. Thus Transition is the bus route to the wide way.
"Young Leader Universe," NEXT, Jul-Aug 1998

Beware. People in Transition are often put through touchy-feely emotive states in which their focus shifts over to "felt needs" and "experiences" as their source of inspiration and authority. It isn't what the Bible says, it is how one FEELS about what the Bible says that counts. This is the new authority. If peer pressure and subtle proddings don't work to propel the paradigm shift forward at this stage of Transition, then negative peer pressures may be called in - an array of odious tools such as mocking, ridiculing, scorning, abuse,... even threats. These soft-core types of persecution are extremely effective.

If you want to conform to your peers (follow the world, be popular and one of the crowd, etc.), and if you are afraid of these hurtful methods of social ostracizing, this is an important bus stop. You will be sorely tempted to hop on for the ride. However, Scripture tells us to get off the bus at this very junction:

"And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God." (Romans 12:2)

There is a biblical transformation of the mind, leading to the desire to fulfill the "will of God." And there is the paradigm shift kind of Transformation which, when it is full-blown, abandons absolute Truth. Leadership Network set its sights upon a total paradigm shift into Postmodernism. This was not a hidden or veiled agenda. It was openly espoused and taught. The men under Leadership Network's tutelage were simply taught HOW to move it from here to there. Driving lessons. And how to persuade others to go along for the bus ride. Marketing the trip as a great new adventure into unknown territories was a brilliant strategy. In fact, the Postmodern expedition was so far removed from traditional orthodoxy as to employ leading New Age gurus to help facilitate the uncharted spiritual journey "Off the Map" (See "Christian leaders go on "expedition" with false prophets: Circa 2000").

To propel the paradigm forward, Leadership Network employed the dialectic process. Two steps forward, one step back. By maneuvering opposite points of view, trained leaders can surge forward at the earliest opportunity and strategically shift the paradigm. Therefore, any counter-movements (whether planned or incidental) are perfectly situated to propel the momentum forward. Thus critics (such as apologists and discerners) have often learned, to their dismay, that their arguments against such Postmodern shifts actually fueled the bus ride. In Postmodern dialectic arguments, most often staged or contrived, the various streams of Leadership Network often argue with one another about whether their favorite facet of Postmodernism is tinged grey or rosy grey, or maybe has a little mauve.
"Young Leader Universe," NEXT, Jan-Mar 1999, p. 10

Another method of bus propulsion was breaking down the overall Postmodern Paradigm shift into marketable segments. Each handpicked leader, destined to fame and fortune, was equipped with a "brand name" - a logo of sorts - an identifying trait that would characterize their unique "market share" in the "Young Leader Universe." Thus brand name recognition became an integral part of the stardom aura and mystique.

Meanwhile the "New Calvinists" and "Missional" streams (seemingly operating their own exclusive bus lines) took a different tack on the paradigm shift - away from the simplicity of the Gospel of Salvation towards the new gospel of building the "Kingdom." (For an example of this switch, watch the video of Leadership Network's Eric Swanson HERE.) Despite their pretensions to orthodoxy, these two streams ("market shares") would also be led by "change agent" superstars, men who subtly erode doctrine with fine-tuned deviations from Tradition. Their composite and ultimate agenda is to propel forward the paradigm shift into an emerging global culture. Their churches/networks are being positioned to become "change agents" for global governance.[20] Thus is it no surprise that these leaders have not spoken out as a conscience, nor have they been a prophetic voice. (This is most evident with the Driscoll and Mahaney crises.) Notice that Driscoll appeared to jump ship from the hip emerging/Emergent stream over into the New Calvinist stream, an act which served dialectically to bring the two streams together. Clever strategy!
"Kingdom Collaboration" issue of NEXT, Oct. 1998
This spelled out much of the agenda for the next decade.

To accomplish these designs, the structure of networking was employed. Networking is the Devil's workshop.[21] Networks are designed to circumvent and supersede traditional structures such as denominations. Networks can superimpose themselves invisibly on top of existing structures, and by subterfuge and/or sabotage destroy traditional models. This is referred to (offensively, at least to some of us) as the DNA of an organization. The network transmits the organization's DNA downline to clusters and cells, and across (horizontally) to other networks.

Thus the DNA of Leadership Network has effectually become the modus operendi of the evangelical world. Its hierarchical empire of downline networks has overtaken denominations, even gutted them. Sometimes denominations went Postmodern literally almost overnight, totally eviscerating the old in order to bring in the new. Many dear and precious saints were tossed under the bus, including godly old professors of the faith. "Abandoned."

Networks operate through secretive means, not openly, not through representative forms of government with the people's voice or vote, and not via traditional hierarchical structures. Rather, networks operate without oversight and control. Thus, the overall Driscoll situation, and how it has been stage-handled, gains clarity. In fact, it has been alleged that Leadership Network operates like a "good old boys club" (even though it now includes some token trained women). Throughout its murky history it has operated like a secret society of the initiated elite, and even to this day none of the leaders have divulged the full extent to which they were trained to be "change agents." Its leaders continue to operate in a clandestine manner to maneuver and massage church Transformation via psycho-social marketing mechanisms. We have prayed for over a decade that one man of courage and conviction would come out of this cult-like atmosphere, step forward and "tell all." May God help him!

Leadership Network's DNA 
Networking is also a marketing tool. So given the networking STRUCTURE of the churches, it isn't a surprise that network marketing is utilized with maximum effect in this massive initiative to re-brand evangelicalism into a Postmodern movement.[22]

Leadership Network has continued to promote the marketing method known as Diffusion of Innovation. In fact, as time has gone on (and we own all 5 editions of Everett Rodgers' book with this title), the method has become more sophisticated, and far more "effective." Not good for the church. Below is an example of early Leadership Network advertising for the 4th edition of Everett Rodger's book Diffusion of Innovations. Significantly, perhaps, this was advertised in the same issue where one can find the quotation by Peter Drucker about "abandonment." 
advertisement, NEXT, Nov-Dec 1998

Below are some examples of how Leadership Network is currently marketing this marketing method.  Where can you place yourself on this graph? Where is your church in this process of Transformation?
Leadership Network mailing, April 25, 2014
Leadership Network mailing, August 15, 2014

Note that rather than the term "Laggards, the term "Conscientious Rejectors" is now employed. Note also that you (the person sitting in the church pew) are part of a "psychographic profile," and that the stated goal is to "accelerate the development and spread of a new idea." Just precisely WHAT is this new idea being promulgated (marketed)? What happens if you are not receptive to it? You guessed it! You're labeled a "Laggard"!

Keep in mind that this is not a grassroots initiative. It is top down. This "new idea" comes from on high and it is being directed AT (marketed TO) your church with the goal that you buy into it. You are the "customer," as Drucker liked to remind everyone. And you must "buy into" (agree with) your church's "mission, vision and values" statement - which for the most part, throughout the evangelical world, originated with Leadership Network and Peter Drucker.[23] In other words, your church's mission statement was likely pre-canned, pre-digested, and regurgitated to the people in the pews as if it were your leadership's own unique vision. We've heard this story many times.

On yet another graph, there is a placement of folks in the pews. Note how you are labeled:
  • "Fall-in-Line Fred & Flo" 
  • "Hesitant Hank and Harriet" 
  • "Resistant Rob and Ruth." 
These offensive categories may explain how your pastor was trained to identify and label (and stigmatize) you. It may even explain why you were IGNORED when you went to his pastoral office to discuss your concerns about your church "transformation." Halleluia! Welcome to the Abandonment Club!

This paradigm shifting is designed to move you from Brand A to Brand B. What precisely is/was Brand A? It is the old Traditional churches, with their old structures, old programs, old doctrines and old practices. The Emergent/emerging leaders were correct about one thing: sometimes these old things were ineffective, inefficient, insupportable and dead weights. These leaders seized upon the weaknesses of the churches. But where these "change agent" leaders went astray was throwing the baby out with the bathwater. They tossed out anything Traditional whatsoever, especially including Gospel doctrine. In case there is any doubt about this Postmodern agenda, check out the exhibits in this post. Keep in mind that what seemed shocking years ago when these NEXT newsletters first came out, now seem almost "normal." This is evidence that the paradigm shift has already taken place.

Part of a historical paradigm shift chart promoted by Leadership Network
The launching of Brand B raises hard questions. How has your church been impacted by Leadership Network's stated "Mission and Values"?
 "Special Edition" of NEXT noting its new mission, Dec. 1997

Is your church's "new paradigm" centered on "structure" rather than "theology"? Chances are, your pastor has been trained via Leadership Network. Or, even more likely, he may have been trained via your denominational structure leaders who were trained via Leadership Network. Either way, your church most likely has been infected with the leaven of the Leadership Network DNA.

Oh, and one more thing. Bear in mind that the easiest method to get people off the bus was to turn up the music on high volume. Rock 'n Roll churches with new worship styles. This technique guaranteed that nearly an entire generation of older folks would get "abandoned." How many precious saints wept as they told us their sad stories, people who devoted entire lives to ministries in their church, got married, raised families, taught Sunday School... only to find out that they no longer had a voice that could be heard. Abandonment is very lonely and very scary for those who no longer possess the resources or skills to adapt to changes.

And we haven't even begun to discuss Leadership Network's multifaceted conference circuit(s), carefully tailored (market-niched) for each one of their streams of influence (networks). Nor have we said anything about their publishing empire with its tentacles everywhere.[25] Nor have we talked about the multitudinous other entities, nonprofits and organizations that all network with Leadership Network to further the expansion of its agenda across the globe. And we haven't scratched the surface of who funded all of this... or what THEIR agenda is/was. He who pays the piper plays the tune....
Recent Leadership Network advertisement/article[24]

Sweet Abandonment
Face the inevitable fact. Do you still love the Bible and desire to serve Jesus Christ, who died on the cross for your sins, was buried, resurrected, and sits at the right hand of the Father? If you stick to this Gospel of Salvation, Christ alone, faith alone, Scripture alone, you may well become the next sheep to be abandoned. If you love the Lord more than your peers, you're going to be ostracized, or worse. If you have experienced the trauma of being "abandoned" you are not imagining it. You have actually been tossed off the bus. You've been "left behind."

But think of this is as a blessing. Those of us who have previously experienced this form of rejection can attest to the wonders of God's workings. He so cared about us that through His grace He permitted us to be "abandoned" by false shepherds so that we might diligently look for the True Shepherd, his Son, Jesus Christ, Who will never leave us nor forsake us.

You are not alone. Others have been abandoned with you. The Lord is with you. And who knows? If the Lord tarries, and if we gain courage, perhaps even this day, the Lord may give us strength to proclaim the Gospel of Salvation with clarity and forthrightness, without deception and guile. And there will be those who are Lost who will hear the Gospel's clarion call, and respond to the message that offers true hope, true redemption and true salvation. 

"Let your conversation be without covetousness;
and be content with such things as ye have:
for He hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.
So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper,
and I will not fear what man shall do unto me."

(Hebrews 13:5-6)

1. Peter Drucker, "Management's New Paradigms, NEXT, Leadership Network, Vol. 4, No. 6, Nov./Dec. 1998. What is reproduced here are his bullet points. Note the word "abandonment" in his point 1.
2. and see the timeline: Also see, Brendan Kiley, "Why the Mars Hill Faithful Have Started to Question Mark," 8/1/14, According to Chris Rosebrough's research, these were "words that [Driscoll] delivered in 2007 to a group of his Acts 29 Network pastors.... [a] 2007 message to church planters" ("CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST AND RADIO SHOW HOST CHRIS ROSEBROUGH CALLS FOR MARK DRISCOLL TO REPENT,"
4. For example, here is a brief sampling of what we wrote about Leadership Network's formation of the Emergent/emerging movement:
For other articles about Leadership Network on Herescope, google it with a term such as "Peter Drucker" or "Rick Warren". One link usually leads to many others. 
5. See numerous articles in the press, such as: and on blogs such as this:
6. Read this post and watch the video: and
7. For example, the Herescope editor, Sarah Leslie, published the deliberate dumbing down of america by Charlotte T. Iserbyt, a massive research tome compiling the extent to which these psycho-social machinations had become part of the U.S. education system the past 100 years.  
8. At a future date we may explain more of our own experiences with Leadership Network and/or the churches that we left due to its influence. It was these experiences that led us to pursue scholarly research in hopes of understanding what had just happened to us.
9. Lest the reader balk at such a sweeping statement, read earlier posts on Herescope that covered this topic precisely. For example:
See also: and
10. Reported by Lynda Mapes,
11.  8/19/14, Joel Connelly,
12. Emphasis added. This quote by Peter Drucker can be found as an opening quote for a Herescope post, OCTOBER 02, 2006, “Global Health Leadership & Management” The original source is not accessible:
13. See, for example, and and!get-inspired/c1ghi
14. Emphasis added. See Herescope post "Creative Destruction":, OCTOBER 04, 2006. See also: The original url for Hesselbein's article no longer works:
15. Emphasis added. This quote can be found on page 25 of our monograph "The Pied Pipers of Purpose." It is from “A Passion for Performance: Peter Drucker’s gospel of accountability,” We note that abandoning programs that "do not produce results" has a specific meaning in the Drucker universe. He advocated "effective" performance objectives that could produce measurable results - a works-based system of assessing and managing people. This effectually "abandons" those people who cannot perform up to par, or it abandons them via stopping programs that may serve a very narrow range of their special ministry needs. 
16. See our early emergent history, footnote 4, but also keep in mind that a few of the men are beginning to tell their stories. These stories are sadly truncated and discombobulated. It is almost as if they are stuck in their "postmodern shift" mode and still cannot tell the truth about what really happened to them, who financed them, how they were propped up with ministries, book contracts, put on the dog-and-pony-show tours and conference circuits, etc. They still argue about "he did this and I did that" as if it makes a difference. The postmodern stew might have different flavors but it is still cooked up the same bad mess of pottage. See
17. We wrote some hard-hitting articles about this problem. Read and enjoy:  
18. See the following articles for example:
19. See these summaries: and
20. See the following posts:
And see our numerous posts about Brian McLaren, who is a prime example of a "Change Agent" who is has been actively working to shift the paradigm over to a new "kingdom" worldview. To what extent are the "New Calvinist" and "Missional" streams of Leadership Network working towards these same goals, although dialectically at their own pace and with their own networks and agendas? It will all converge in the end. In fact, it started out together at the same place.
Pastor Jeff Whittaker's written reports were posted on Herescope HERE, HERE, HERE, HERE and HERE.Also this post:
Evangelical leaders met together in the late 1970s for a series of two consultations on the future, forging an agenda for the building the kingdom on earth. We wrote a series of posts (also here, here, here and here) on Herescope in September 2005 for this unusual history. See also:
21. See the following networking posts, and when reading them keep in mind that C. Peter Wagner who founded the New Apostolic Reformation was touted (and likely trained) by Leadership Network:
22. We ran an entire series about the network marketing going on in the evangelical church world. It is quite an eye-opener and may help to explain many things to people.
23. Remember: all of this marketing manipulation is due, directly or indirectly, to the pervasive influence of Peter Drucker. He was once given the title "Master of Marketing" by the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania:
24. Leadership Network mailing, August 12, 2014. See: and
25. See, for example, this post: and